Tag: Countries

Vocational Education in the Nordic Countries The Historical Evolution


Vocational Education in the Nordic Countries: The Historical Evolution By Svein Michelsen (editor), Marja-Leena Stenström (editor)
2018 | 252 Pages | ISBN: 113822085X | PDF | 3 MB
Vocational Education in the Nordic Countries: The Historical Evolution is the first of two books that disseminate new and systematic knowledge on the strengths and weaknesses of the different models of vocational education and training (VET) in four Nordic countries. Vocational education in Europe has resisted standardisation to a higher degree than other fields of education, and during the last decade, there has been a growth in international, comparative VET research. While the Nordic countries provide an ideal case for comparative education studies, the literature in English on the Nordic VET systems is at present very limited.This first book provides thorough examinations of VET in Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland over 150 years. Each section examines the historical evolution of VET at upper secondary level in one of the four Nordic countries. Contributors also analyse how each country have tried to reform their respective VET systems, and compare the paths which each nation has taken. The book explores what can be learned from the diversity of the VET-systems in the Nordic countries, which otherwise have many similarities and share a common heritage in education policy. This volume will help strengthen the knowledge base required for transnational policy learning, and for developing vocational education internationally for the future. It will be of interest to researchers, academics and postgraduate students involved in the study of vocational education, educational studies and educational policy, education planners and teachers educators.

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The Diversity of Emerging Capitalisms in Developing Countries


The Diversity of Emerging Capitalisms in Developing Countries: Globalization, Institutional Convergence and Experimentation by Eric Rougier, François Combarnous
English | PDF | 2017 | 467 Pages | ISBN : 3319499467 | 6.3 MB
This book presents the results of a collective and original empirical investigation of the institutional systems underlying the capitalisms that are coming to the fore in developing nations. While varieties of industrialized countries’ capitalisms are extensively scrutinized, those of developing countries’ capitalisms are far less documented. By implementing a unified and original comparative approach based on the institutional complementarity theory, the different contributions of the book find evidence for the originality and extreme heterogeneity of the forms of capitalism to be observed in developing countries. This text analyses capitalist systems as clusters of sectoral institutions and regulations, identifying differences in emerging and developing countries.

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Preschool and Immigrants in Five Countries England, France, Germany, Italy and United States of America


Preschool and Im/migrants in Five Countries: England, France, Germany, Italy and United States of America By Joseph Tobin (editor)
2016 | 223 Pages | ISBN: 2875743600 | PDF | 2 MB
A significant and growing percentage of the children enrolled in early childhood education and care (ECEC) programs in Europe and the United States are children of recent im/migrants. For most young (3-5 years old) children of parents who have come from other countries, ECEC settings are the first context in which they come face to face with differences between the culture of home and the public culture of their new country. For parents who have recently im/migrated to a new country, enrolling their child in an early childhood program is a key moment where cultural values of their home and adopted culture come into contact and, often, conflict. For countries with high rates of im/migration, ECEC programs are key sites for enacting national goals for social inclusion and the creation of new citizens. And yet the field of early childhood education has conducted too little research on the experience of im/migrant children, their families, and their teachers. This book tells the story of our study of beliefs about early childhood education of im/migrant parents and of the practitioners who teach and care for their young children. It is simultaneously a study of im/migration seen from the perspective of early childhood education and of early childhood education seen from the perspective of im/migration. The book answers the questions: What do im/migrant parents want for their children in ECEC programs? How are the perspectives of im/migrant parents like and unalike the perspectives of their children’s preschool teachers and of non-immigrant parents? How are England, France, Germany, Italy, and the United States using ECEC settings to incorporate im/migrant children and their families into their new society? What can all five countries do better?

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Noble Endeavours The Life of Two Countries, England and Germany, in Many Stories


Miranda Seymour, "Noble Endeavours: The Life of Two Countries, England and Germany, in Many Stories"
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1849830150 | 512 pages | EPUB | 5.1 MB
Nothing about the story of England and Germany, as this remarkable book demonstrates, is as simple as we might expect. A shared faith, a shared hunger for power, a shared culture. Miranda Seymour has written a rich and heart-breaking story that needs to be heard: the vibrant, extraordinary history – told through the lives of kings and painters, soldiers and sailors, sugar-bakers and bankers, crooks and saints – of two countries entwined.

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Political Financing in Developing Countries A Case from Ghana


Joseph Luna, "Political Financing in Developing Countries: A Case from Ghana "
English | ISBN: 036742956X | 2019 | 114 pages | EPUB | 1155 KB
This book argues that to fully grasp the decision-making of politicians and political actors in developing countries, we must first understand how politicians finance their campaigns for office―and to whom they are indebted and expected to repay.

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The Bottom Billion Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It


Paul Collier, "The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It"
English | ISBN: 0195311450 | 2007 | 205 pages | PDF | 1052 KB
In the universally acclaimed and award-winning The Bottom Billion, Paul Collier reveals that fifty failed states-home to the poorest one billion people on Earth-pose the central challenge of the developing world in the twenty-first century. The book shines much-needed light on this group of small nations, largely unnoticed by the industrialized West, that are dropping further and further behind the majority of the world’s people, often falling into an absolute decline in living standards. A struggle rages within each of these nations between reformers and corrupt leaders-and the corrupt are winning. Collier analyzes the causes of failure, pointing to a set of traps that ensnare these countries, including civil war, a dependence on the extraction and export of natural resources, and bad governance. Standard solutions do not work, he writes; aid is often ineffective, and globalization can actually make matters worse, driving development to more stable nations. What the bottom

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Tax Progression in OECD Countries An Integrative Analysis of Tax Schedules and Income Distributions


Tax Progression in OECD Countries: An Integrative Analysis of Tax Schedules and Income Distributions By Christian Seidl, Kirill Pogorelskiy, Stefan Traub (auth.)
2013 | 322 Pages | ISBN: 3642283160 | PDF | 11 MB
​This is the first book that performs international and intertemporal comparisons of uniform tax progression with empirical data. While conventional measures of tax progression suffer from serious disadvantages for empirical analyses, this book extends uniform measures to progression comparisons of countries with different income distributions. Tax progression is analyzed in terms of Lorenz curve and Suits curve equivalents of net incomes and taxes. The authors derive six distinct definitions of the relation "is more progressive than", which are then utilized for an empirical analysis of 13 countries included in the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS). In two thirds of all international comparisons of tax progression, the authors report a clear ranking of the respective countries in terms of progression dominance. Tax based definitions of greater progressivity perform best. These observations are yet reinforced by statistical tests. The book also provides an account of the institutional background of the involved countries in order to facilitate the interpretation of the data. Moreover, the authors conduct intertemporal comparisons of tax progression for selected countries and perform a sensitivity analysis with respect to the parameterization of the equivalence scale.

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Wireless Sensor Networks for Developing Countries First International Conference, WSN4DC, Jamshoro, Pakistan, April 24-26, 201


Wireless Sensor Networks for Developing Countries: First International Conference, WSN4DC, Jamshoro, Pakistan, April 24-26, 2013, Revised Selected Papers By Zahoor Ahmad, Ehsan U. Asad (auth.), Faisal Karim Shaikh, Bhawani Shankar Chowdhry, Habib M. Ammari, Muhammad Aslam Uqaili, Assadullah Shah (eds.)
2013 | 121 Pages | ISBN: 3642410537 | PDF | 6 MB
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Wireless Sensor Networks for Developing Countries, WSN4DC 2013, held in Jamshoro, Pakistan, in April 2013. The 10 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 30 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on WSN applications/services for developing countries; mobile WSN; underwater WSN; VANETS; body area networks; energy harvesting in WSN; WSN and cloud integration; WSN and IoT; QoS and Qot; WSN MAC, network and transport protocols; cross layer approaches; security aspects in WSN; WSN applications in smart grid and energy management; WSN in structural health monitoring.

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