Tag: Purchase

Risks in Renaissance Art Production, Purchase, and Reception

Free Download Risks in Renaissance Art: Production, Purchase, and Reception
English | 2024 | ISBN: 1009476610 | 106 Pages | PDF (True) | 8 MB
This Element represents the first systematic study of the risks borne by those who produced, commissioned, and purchased art, across Renaissance Europe. It employs a new methodology, built around concepts from risk analysis and decision theory. The Element classifies scores of documented examples of losses into ‘production risks’, which arise from the conception of a work of art until its final placement, and ‘reception risks’, when a patron, a buyer, or viewer finds a work displeasing, inappropriate, or offensive. Significant risks must be tamed before players undertake transactions. The Element discusses risk-taming mechanisms operating society-wide: extensive communication flows, social capital, and trust, and the measures individual participants took to reduce the likelihood and consequences of losses. Those mechanisms were employed in both the patronage-based system and the modern open markets, which predominated respectively in Southern and Northern Europe.


A Wilderness So Immense The Louisiana Purchase and the Destiny of America

Free Download Jon Kukla, "A Wilderness So Immense: The Louisiana Purchase and the Destiny of America"
English | 2004 | pages: 448 | ISBN: 0375707611, 0375408126 | EPUB | 4,5 mb
In A Wilderness so Immense, historian Jon Kukla recounts the fascinating tale of the personal maneuverings, political posturing, and international intrigue that culminated in the greatest land deal in history. Spanning nearly two decades, Kukla’s book brings to life a pageant of characters from Thomas Jefferson, James Monroe, and John Jay, to Napoleon and Carlos III of Spain and other colorful figures.


Point of Purchase How Shopping Changed American Culture

Free Download Sharon Zukin, "Point of Purchase: How Shopping Changed American Culture"
English | ISBN: 0415950430 | 2005 | 336 pages | EPUB | 2 MB
This accessible, smart, and expansive book on shopping’s impact on American life is in part historical, stretching back to the mid-19th century, yet also has a contemporary focus, with material on recent trends in shopping from the internet to Zagat’s guides.