Tag: Skull

Skull Base Reconstruction Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks and Skull Base Defects

Free Download Skull Base Reconstruction: Management of Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks and Skull Base Defects by Edward C. Kuan, Bobby A. Tajudeen, Hamid R. Djalilian, Harrison W. Lin
English | EPUB (True) | 2023 | 486 Pages | ISBN : 3031279360 | 111 MB
This text, edited by two fellowship-trained rhinologists and two fellowship-trained neurotologists, represents an up-to-date comprehensive resource for any clinician or scientist involved in skull base reconstruction. Each chapter is written by a "super specialist" who has a clinical and/or academic focus in skull base pathologies and reconstruction. The first section is dedicated to basic principles, anatomy, physiology, imaging and anesthetic considerations. The second and third sections discuss pathological processes that lead to cerebrospinal fluid leaks and the need for skull base reconstruction within the anterior and lateral skull base, respectively. The fourth and fifth sections focus on anterior and lateral skull base reconstruction, respectively, with attention to reconstruction techniques and strategies for managing each defect type. The sixth section comprehensively reviews postoperative care and management strategies, where there is high variability and limited evidence, and is intended to present multiple perspectives that each carry merit. The final section highlights developments, research and emerging ideas regarding this ever-growing topic.


Reading the Skull Advanced 2D Reconstruction

Free Download Reading the Skull: Advanced 2D Reconstruction
by Natalie Murry

English | 2023 | ISBN: 1032259108 | 227 pages | True PDF | 60.04 MB
While there are a handful of introductory texts and resources on 2D drawing for facial identification and reconstruction, most often they don’t go beyond this cursory presentation of the subject. There is need for an advanced text available for artists who wish to learn more about reading and understanding the skull to inform more accurate and detailed 2D craniofacial reconstruction work. Reading the Advanced 2D Reconstruction fills this need by providing instruction on how to identify basic features, as well as indicators and anomalies in bone structures, to help in illustrating more specific and unique details in facial structure and features. Since artists are most frequently visual learners, the book presents comparative photos of skulls with life photos to help better identify and decipher distinguishing facial characteristics. Because many forensic artists perform few reconstructions each year― and have very little exposure to skulls― the author has written this text to show examples of distinct elements in the skull for artists to see, compare, and learn. In doing so, it provides those who do not regularly work with skulls more exposure to them and allows readers the ability to apply such information and better extrapolate features for the purpose of more accurately rendering an individual’s unique facial features. When examining the skull closely, each feature can be more detailed based on what the bone is indicating, and the work can be more accurate to that specific skull. Characteristics such as the ears, facial harmony and symmetry, shape of eye and brow, nose and mouth, the aging process, sex and ancestral background― among others― are all singular to that skull and adds to the gestalt of that face to make it more identifiable as an individual. Reading the Skull is a ground- breaking collection of the author’s personal study and research, other published works from the literature on facial features, as well as numerous examples from donors to forensic anthropology centers in the US. Work presented draws upon new information from anthropologists and others in related fields and disciplines who continue to study facial features based on the skull. As such, it provides a fresh perspective, summarizing several studies and work together in a single book. Natalie Murry is a freelance forensic artist currently based in Austin, Texas. She began her forensic art career while working as a police officer in Kent Washington. She does reconstructions and postmortem drawings for the King County Medical Examiner’s Office in Seattle Washington, and the Snohomish County Medical Examiner’s Office in Everett Washington. She has taught forensic artists to draw digitally at workshops at police departments from Washington to New Jersey as well as at Scottsdale Artists School and at the Forensic Anthropology Center at Texas State University. Natalie is on the forensic art subcommittee for the International Association for Identification, and is an IAI certified forensic artist. She has had two articles published in the Journal of Forensic in September/ October 2015 entitled "Rotating the Anterior View of a Skull into the Frankfort Horizontal Plane for Postmortem Drawings" and in April/ June 2021 entitled "Skull to Photo Comparison for Identification Purposes." She has been a beta tester for Corel Painter since the 2016 build. Her work can be seen on her website,www.nataliemu rry.com, on Instagram as @NatalieMurryForensicArt, and on Facebook as NatalieMurryForensicArt.